Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. John Brown's raid was funded by Gerrit Smith, who was Elizabeth Cady Stanton's cousin. He was already an extremely prominent and influential abolitionist orator. I need say no more, to prove that slavery is entirely unlike the servitude in the patriarchal families. Gerrit Smith's commitment to equal rights for all persons extended also to women in an era when discrimination against them was intense. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gerrit-smith, "Gerrit Smith Encyclopedia of World Biography. The Prohibition Party (PRO) is a political party in the United States known for its historic opposition to the sale or consumption of alcoholic beverages and as an integral part of the temperance movement.It is the oldest existing third party in the United States and the third longest active party. In 1840 he took a leading part in the organization of the antislavery Liberty Party, and in 1848 and 1852 he was nominated for the presidency by the remnant of this organization that had not been absorbed by the Free Soil Party. American philanthropist and social reformer. Smith had opened up thousands of acres of land in New York State for the express purpose of giving the land to African American farmers. … . SMITH, WILLIAM … However, the date of retrieval is often important. In 1840 Smith joined in initiating the Liberty party. In 1805, the family moved to Hudson, Ohio, where Owen started a tannery. Known for: Three Discourses On The Religion Of Reason (1859) Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. The firm opened a warehouse in Springfield, Massachusetts, and Brown soon moved his family there. In 1841, Smith purchased an entire family of slaves … He viewed biological facts as the only differences between the sexes, and advocated equity of treatment in all institutional pursuits. His developing views, however, caused him to build his own "Church of Peterboro" on more liberal principles, and he himself often preached in the church's chapel. Members of the Secret Six . Driven by his liberal ideas and empowered by his wealth, he was one of the most powerful abolitionists in the United States. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. In 1848, the newly named National Liberty Party nomination winner was Gerrit Smith; during the presidential election, the party was on the ballot in only four states and Gerrit Smith got 2,545 votes. Anti-slavery icon John Brown heard what Smith was doing, and in 1848 he brought his family north from Kansas to buy 244 acres for $244. SMITH, JOSEPH It was at Smith's home in Peterboro, New York that Elizabeth Cady met fellow abolitionist and future husband Henry Stanton. Daughter of Calvin and Anne Simpson Smith Letter from John P. Jewett to Gerrit Smith, 27 November 1852. His parents were Owen Brown and Ruth Mills, and he was the fourth in a brood of eight (second son). Then, in 1849, Brown moved and settled in the Black community of North Elba, New York, which was created on land provided by philanthropist Gerrit Smith… Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Octavius Brooks Frothingham, Gerrit Smith: A Biography (1878; 3d ed. Smith tempered the more radical people in the abolitionist movement and insisted on arguing from facts and analysis. It was deepened and corrected by the scholarly Ralph Volney Harlow and published as Gerrit Smith: Philanthropist and Reformer (1939). 4. Corrections? In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. ." In 1825 he joined the American Colonization Society, but a decade of experience with the ACS persuaded him that the society's purpose was not to free slaves but to rid the country of free Negroes. Retrieved January 12, 2021 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gerrit-smith. "Gerrit Smith Thomas Wentworth Higginson: A minister and author, Higginson would go on to serve in the Civil War, commanding a regiment of Black troops, and would write a classic memoir based on the experience. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Woman suffrage was an issue that he favored throughout his lifetime. The Life of Gerrit Smith… It circulated till 1860. Under the excitement following the raid on Harpers Ferry in October 1859, he became temporarily insane, and for several weeks was confined in an asylum in Utica. His benefactions ranged from individual gifts to distributions of funds for the relief of old maids and widows and the support of temperance and antitobacco movements. Gifted a farm by wealthy abolitionist Gerrit Smith, Brown settled in North Elba, New York, where he continued helping escaped slaves and assisting the … . He supported John Brown's assault on Harpers Ferry, Va., but when Smith's position was exposed, he protested his innocence and was sufficiently overwrought to become temporarily insane. She tasted the "strange fruit"…, Smith, Joseph By his twelfth birthday…, smith / smi[unvoicedth]/ • n. a worker in metal. Gerrit Smith (1797-1874) is surely one of the most under-chronicled figures in American social reform, despite the fact that at the time of his death, the New York Times could say: "The history of the most important half century of our national life will be imperfectly written if it fails to place [Smith] in the front rank of the men whose influence was most felt in the accomplishments of its results." John Brown was born on May 9, 1800, in Torrington, Connecticut. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. After becoming an opponent of land monopoly, Smith gave numerous farms of 50 acres each to indigent families, and he also attempted to colonize tracts in northern New York with free blacks, but this experiment was a failure. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gerrit-Smith, National Park Service - Biography of Gerrit Smith, National Abolition Hall of Fame and Museum - Biography of Gerrit Smith. Gerrit Smith's "Autobiography"The full text is presented here of what appears to be a draft campaign biography (approx. Enjoy the best Gerrit Smith Quotes at BrainyQuote. Bio: Gerrit Smith was a leading United States social reformer, abolitionist, politician, and philanthropist. Gerrit Smith, (born March 6, 1797, Utica, New York, U.S.—died December 28, 1874, New York, New York), American reformer and philanthropist who provided financial backing for the antislavery crusader John Brown. treat (metal) by heating, hammering, and forging it: tin-bronze w…, Smith, Fred 1944– Education: Yale University, BA,…, Gerretsen, Hon. Ruth Ella Moore SMITH, Lillian Dr.Jon, P.C., B.A., M.D., Ph.D. (River Heights), https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gerrit-smith. One of his most notable acts took place in 1846, when he appointed a committee of land reformers and abolitionists to parcel out a land grant of some 150,000 acres to poor white settlers and blacks. He became an abolitionist in 1835, after witnessing the disruption of an antislavery meeting by a mob in Utica. ... the Abolitionists -- or, as you phrase it, "excepting in Abolition quarters." Smith wanted choices available for both industrial and classical education.Kharem (2009), p. 19 Douglass valued his rational approach and said that Smith was "the single most important influence on his life." Jewett, the publisher of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, announces to Gerrit Smith that he is about to publish the volume in an edition of one million copies. He settled with his first wife, Ann Backus, daughter of Hamilton College's president, in the family home in Peterboro, N.Y. Smith's concern for religious salvation took him into the Presbyterian Church, where he was associated with such reform causes as tract distribution and Sabbath observance. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. John learned tannery from his father and became a foreman in the family’s tannery. In 1853 he was elected as an independent to the Congress, where he mixed defiance of the Fugitive Slave Law at home with a belief that United States annexation of Cuba would be advantageous to its slaves. He inherited not only the estate but also his father's intense concern for religious truth. [tr.] He even became one of the securities for Jefferson Davis, thereby incurring the resentment of Northern Radical leaders. Gerrit Smith, cousin Col. James Livingston, grandfather Signature Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an American social activist , abolitionist, and leading figure of the early women's rights movement along with Susan B. Anthony . After his return to the United States, he became the first African American to run a pharmacy in the nation. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Both were compelling public speakers. Henry Stanton was an acquaintance of Elizabeth Cady's cousin, Gerrit Smith, an abolitionist and member of the "Secret Six" that supported John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. Gerrit Smith was born on March 6, 1797. SMITH, JOSEPH (1805–1844), the founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, popularly known as the Mormons…, Actor, rap musician Elder Gerrit W. Gong and Elder Ulisses Soares made history during the April general conference by being called as the first Asian-American apostle and the first Latin American apostle respectively. At the end of the first session in 1854 he resigned his seat. He was Elizabeth Cady's first cousin. Peterboro became a station on the Underground Railroad, and after 1850 Smith furnished money for the legal expenses of persons charged with infractions of the Fugitive Slave Law. In 1852 he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives as an independent. Though he was white, in 1849 Brown settled with his family in a Black community founded at North Elba, New York, on land donated by the New York antislavery philanthropist Gerrit Smith. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. He bought lots of land around the village, reformed the local land laws, and gave large tracts of his property to former slaves. He became very intimate with John Brown, to whom he gave a farm in Essex County (New York), and from time to time supplied him with funds, though it seems without knowing that any of the money would be employed in an attempt to incite a slave insurrection. Labor is the superior of capital, and deserves much the higher consideration. THE VIEWS OF GERRIT SMITH. He has ranked on the list of those famous people who were born on February 12, 1988. Encyclopedia of World Biography. Both were committed to social and political reform. Accordingly, he joined with Horace Greeley and Cornelius Vanderbilt to provide bail bond to free Jefferson Davis, holding that his captivity without trial was an injustice to the country. Gerrit Smith (1797-1874), American philanthropist and reformer, was a founder of the radical-abolitionist Liberty party. Nationality: American. It was at the home of her cousin, Gerrit Smith, that Elizabeth Cady met Henry Stanton, a man ten years her senior. ." In 1851, The North Star merged with Liberty Party Paper of abolitionist of Gerrit Smith and the resulting publication was named Frederick Douglass’ Paper. Gerrit Smith (1797-1874), American philanthropist and reformer, was a founder of the radical-abolitionist Liberty party. (January 12, 2021). Quotations by Gerrit Smith, American Politician, Born March 6, 1797. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. The Gerrit Smith Estate was the lifetime home and office of Gerrit Smith (1797-1874). He resigned his House seat the next year. He loaned invaluable credibility to the fight against slavery in the American South, personally collaborating with John Brown, Gerrit Smith, and Frederick Douglass. Encyclopedia.com. In 1849, Brown had purchased 244 acres of property from Gerrit Smith, a wealthy abolitionist, in North Elba, New York. Beginning his career as a journalist, Stanton met Theodore Weld while attending the Rochester Manual Labor Institute and Weld was touring the country to learn more about manual labor schools. James McCune Smith (April 18, 1813 – November 17, 1865) was an American physician, apothecary, abolitionist, and author in New York City.He was the first African American to hold a medical degree and graduated at the top in his class at the University of Glasgow in Scotland. Gerrit Smith was a widely known philanthropist and social reformer who ran for President in 1848. Gerrit Smith is best known as a Rugby Union Player. The clasped hands are at the Madison County Historical Society (MCHS), 435 Main Street, Oneida, NY 13421 (315-363-4136). He was the first to give its esthetic program visible form. After graduating from West Point, Davis was stationed in the Wisconsin Territory under Colonel Zachary Taylor. Smith graduated in 1818 from Hamilton College. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Thanks to Donna Burdick, Smithfield Town Historian, for her valuable assistance in assembling these facts. His father, a partner of merchant John Jacob Astor, was one of the biggest landowners in the nation. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Founder, chairman, chief executive officer, and president, FedEx Corporation Town of Smithfield THE PRIVATE CEMETERY ON THE GERRIT SMITH ESTATE On June 10, 1937, an article appeared in the Oneida Democratic Union, reporting that the remains and headstones from the private burial grounds on the Gerrit Smith estate had been removed to the local Peterboro Cemetery. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Updates? He then turned to the American Antislavery Society. #intersectional Labor is prior to and independent of capital. Fun-loving and funny, Will Smith captivates audiences in a variety of media: music, television, and film. Scores of abolitionists received support and renewed commitment to the cause of freedom at Smith’s home in Peterboro. Harlow, Ralph Volney, Gerrit Smith, philanthropist and reformer, New York, Russell & Russell 1972. As the learned physician-scholar of the abolition movement, Dr. Smith was instrumental in making the overthrow of slavery credible and successful. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. "Gerrit Smith (Kingston and the Islands) Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing and Minister Responsible for Seniors, Gerrard, Hon. And both had been influenced by Charles … He was the party's presidential candidate in 1848, receiving 2,733 votes. His father, a partner of merchant John Jacob Astor, was one of the biggest landowners in the nation. Omissions? Long a foe of slavery, Brown became obsessed with the idea of taking overt action … John Brown’s ancestry went back to English Puritans. • v. . In about 1828 he became an active worker in the cause of temperance, and in his home village, Peterboro, he built one of the first temperance hotels in the country. Smith's combination of radicalism and conservatism showed itself during the secession crisis. 1600 words). Gerrit Smith was born on March 6, 1797. ; Slavery, the Rebellion and the Constitution. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Share with your friends. Some wealthy people were involved, such as Gerrit Smith, a millionaire who twice ran for president. [22] Stanton was a journalist, an antislavery orator, and, after his marriage to Elizabeth Cady, an attorney. Smith believed that true religion must express itself in true politics. Gerrit Smith: Born into a wealthy family in upstate New York, Smith was a vigorous supporter of various reform causes, including the American abolition movement. In 1845, social reformer Gerrit Smith arrived at what was a hamlet of six families. John, Q.C., B.A., LL.B. Smith was born into a wealthy family. Although much of the land was inferior (and thus failed to demonstrate capacities at land ownership), the grant won wide publicity for the free-soil cause. He decided to move to Plainfield Massachusetts, in hop… He died in New York City on Dec. 28, 1874. Lilian Smith was the seventh of nine children. He was born in Utica, New York in 1797 and lived in nearby Peterboro. 1909), though often imprecise, is written by a distinguished transcendentalist. A future U.S. president was his father-in-law. Gerrit Smith, (born March 6, 1797, Utica, New York, U.S.—died December 28, 1874, New York, New York), American reformer and philanthropist who provided financial backing for the antislavery crusader John Brown. Front Page of The North Star of June 2, 1848 #5 He was a famous orator and gave the remarkable 4th of July speech. His letter is, in fact, written on the back of the circular that publicizes this and other editions of … *"A Great Citizen. Frederick Douglass, Gerrit Smith, and John Brown personally collaborated with Dr. Smith in the fight for black freedom. Encyclopedia.com. Smith’s father, John, was a village blacksmith; but his grandparents and great-grandparents were small farmers in Oxfor…, Smith, Lillian Smith was born into a wealthy family. Smith, William Smith favoured a vigorous prosecution of the Civil War but at its close advocated a mild policy toward the late Confederate States, declaring that part of the guilt of slavery lay upon the North. ∎ short for blacksmith. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 12 Jan. 2021 . Gerrit Rietveld was born on June 24, 1888, in Utrecht and lived there most of his life. Capital is only the fruit of labor, and could never have existed if labor had not first existed. He was born on February 12, 1988 in Pretoria. Smith graduated in … Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (1888-1964), architect and furniture designer, was a member of the group of Dutch artists and architects known as de Stijl. □. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. At this time, he heard of the abolitionist Gerrit Smith of Peterboro, New York. He is one of the successful Rugby Union Player. 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