They intercepted a German ship Uckermark in Kismu that was scuttled. The Engineroom Artificer was born!!!!! The complex was equipped for every contingency, from failure of the public utilities to direct enemy action. Archive List > Special Operations and Intelligence. … We also acknowledge, with thanks, the visiting rights and assistance given by the Guinness Trust and other landowners. referenced. She was built at Devonport Royal Dockyard between January 1912 and June 1914, entering service just before the outbreak of the First World War. There were ample berthing facilities and a marine passenger terminal with its own dedicated railway terminus. The tunnels housed a stand-by generator, an air-conditioning system with gas filters, a galley, toilets, cabins for split shifts and the recently invented phenomenon of 'daylight' fluorescent lighting. and as part of the British Pacific Fleet for the invasions of Okinawa. The entire complex was photographed using prints, transparencies and professional-quality video photography. Under the sterner title of HMS Forward, the Guinness Trust house became a Royal Naval headquarters. HMS Marlborough Once the College had been evacuated, parts of the site were taken over briefly by the RAF but in September 1942 the Royal Navy took occupation as HMS Marlborough, which specialised in courses for personnel operating underwater weapons, torpedoes etc. HMS Marlborough, between 1943-1944 he was on Torpedo Training in Eastbourne, HMS Iron Duke. She was named after John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. HMS Marlborough (Eastbourne) Electrical instruction for Commissioned Officers, Warrant Officers, Artificers and Ratings of the Portsmouth and Chatham divisions. Excavation of the tunnel commenced in May 1941, and some 550 metres (1,800 feet) of tunnel was dug in the chalk over 13 weeks. All their information was filtered and plotted, before being relayed by teleprinter to similar plots in Dover and Portsmouth. It was based at South Heighton, just outside Newhaven, East Sussex. These messages were added to this story by site members between June 2003 and January 2006. Newhaven was originally a casualty clearing station for the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in France. The 172nd Tunnelling Company dug it, and 577th Army Field Company fitted it out. This was a very public commemoration of the Royal Naval headquarters that very nearly disappeared not just without trace but without its existence ever having been generally acknowledged. Reports; Images; Videos; Map; Written by Geoffrey Ellis on 21 July 2005. Served in Bervirick (Russian convoys). Another lucky find was a series of photographs in the Imperial War Museum of what is described as ‘an underground operation control centre under construction somewhere in the SE Command’. On it, carved in relief, is a crown, flanked by the dates 20 June 1940 and 31 August 1945. The book HMS Marlborough Will Enter Harbour by Nicholas … Air electrical instruction to FAA Air Artificers and Air Fitters. I found out exactly what equipment was installed there and even learnt the names of many of the crew. We should also like to thank Newhaven Town Council for their grants toward our expenses. HMS Marlborough, between 1943-1944 he was on Torpedo Training in Eastbourne, HMS Iron Duke. I discovered the exact purpose of the various tunnel rooms. For operational-security reasons, each plot understudied its neighbour, with HMS Forward standing in for Fort Southwick at Portsmouth and vice versa. The … The HMS Marlborough plaque The Archives team in front of the Great War exhibition on Devonshire Society Day 2014: Simon Wood, Michael Partridge, Pat Larkin and Bill Bowden IWM (Production company) Hart, Peter M (recorder) Little, Peter James (interviewee/speaker), Royal Navy, Shore Station, HMS Barracuda, Calcutta, India, Royal Navy, Shore Station, HMS Braganza, Bombay, India, Royal Navy, Shore Station, HMS Marlborough, Eastbourne, Royal Navy, Shore Station, HMS Royal Arthur, Skegness, Royal Navy, Shore Station, HMS Vernon, Brighton, Royal Navy, Shore Station, HMS Vincent, Gosport, GB, England & Brighton, Sussex , GB, England & Eastbourne, Sussex , GB, England & Gosport, Hants , GB, England & Portsmouth, Hants , HMS Royal Arthur shore establishment, Skegness, Lincolnshire, England, UK, IN & Calcutta . They show details of the derelict and disguised observation post and hillside pillboxes. Showing 1-1 of 1 records. In March 1941, an Admiralty directive required specified ports to establish and maintain naval plots in conjunction with a coastal-radar chain, giving surface coverage from the Dover area. Would we ever find our way out again? They kindly consented, on condition that there was no publicity that might draw attention to their vacant property and thereby increase the likelihood of vandalism. The western wing of the house, containing room 16, was razed to the ground to make way for new homes. The book HMS Marlborough Will Enter Harbour by Nicholas … It was commissioned later that year and used, until decommissioned, on 31 August 1945. Naval Stores depots were established at Lewes and Burgess Hill to supply permanent, consumable, and after action stores; and a naval canteen service was … Content description. Newhaven Royal Naval Headquarters originated during the tumultuous early years of the war, when invasion seemed a likely sequel to the fall of France. With the fall of Dunkirk, however, military defence quickly thwarted any consideration of open-town status. FIMM, FIMin.E. Background to early … Was there anybody else in there with us? Visit our website www.secret-tunnels.co.uk to see some unique pictures of the site and its artefacts, and for further information. For this purpose, under the Emergency Powers Act (EPA) for the defence of the realm, and, as such, not recorded with the Land Registry, a tunnel was dug into the hillside. Thanks for your comments. In 2000, English Heritage accepted an invitation to visit the tunnels and take a look at what we’d come up with in the course our research. She is currently the oldest serving Type 23 frigate in the Royal Navy. Medical supplies were loaded on to the boats for the return journey. In 1991, I took early so-called voluntary retirement from British Telecom. During the war, Cornfield Garage was used by the Royal Navy as a shore base, named HMS Marlborough. Built in 1938, it stood majestically on Heighton Hill, looking down on the lush, green meadows of the Ouse Valley, with views to Newhaven Harbour, Seaford Bay and the English Channel. They intercepted a German ship Uckermark in Kismu that was scuttled. The views expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not I appealed for further information through local newspapers, ‘Service Pals’ teletext pages, Charlie Chester’s Sunday Soapbox show, Yours magazine and the newsletters of a plethora of military-veterans’ associations including the Association of Wrens. REEL 1 Aspects of period as civilian in GB, 1939-1943: outbreak of Second World War, 3/9/1939; evacuation to Crowborough; employment. HMS Marlborough was an Iron Duke-class battleship of the Royal Navy, named in honour of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. The only visible sign of past military activity at the house is a granite commemorative plaque above the fireplace in the main hall. This once-well-known garage stands on the site of Odessa Lodge which was built in the mid 19th century, when Eastbourne was taking shape as a fashionable ‘watering place’. Newhaven, lying roughly midway between Dover and Portsmouth, features the only river in the area navigable at all states of the tide. One other date was recorded covertly by the bricklayer who built the solid wall that sealed the principal, operational entrance to the tunnel. HMS Proserpine. Do you have 5 minutes to help us improve our website? During the 1970s, the hillside was redeveloped. What follows is a résumé of my research. Based in a former Guinness Trust Holiday Home, Forward served as the command centre for all Royal Naval establishments in the area and was responsible for: . I've just read the very interesting account of the secret tunnels under this building at South Heighton. Most apartments had access to a large sun terrace and lawn, and a private suite on the first floor housed a resident caretaker. She was armed with a main battery of ten 13.5-inch (340 mm) guns and was capable of a top speed of 21.25 knots (39.36 km/h; 24.45 mph). Via 122 steps, it gave access to an impenetrable fortress, one that contained the most sophisticated and contemporary communications devices then available. mp@eastbourne-college.co.uk 01323 451901 We have continued in 2014, like most schools, to research and expand our record of the role of Old Eastbournians in the Great War. When the tunnel was abandoned at the end of 1945, I finally had my chance to take a proper look. Battle honours . The crew wore headphones, not helmets; brandished Morse keys, rather than machine guns; dispatched bulletins, not bullets and carefully contemplated the courses of clandestine convoys. It was … Could we get lost? List view Image view. HMS Marlborough was also an Electrical Training shore station in Eastbourne during and shortly after World War II. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. It is no longer possible to leave messages here. HMS Forward was a shore establishment of the British Royal Navy during World War II.It was based at South Heighton, just outside Newhaven, East Sussex.. Service history. For any other comments, please Contact Us. I’m pleased to relate that my research had other, unexpected consequences, in that it rekindled many lapsed WRNS friendships. The Commodore's pendant worn by Russell shifts to Eastbourne. HMS Marlborough, the Electrical Training School at Eastbourne. Ships named Marlborough have earned the following battle honours: Martinique, 1762; Havana, 1762; St Vincent, 1780; The Saints, 1782; First of June, 1794; Jutland, 1916; Literature. Without them, details concerning the equipment, accommodation, procedures and administration, otherwise unrecorded, would have been lost for ever. Finally, we should like to convey our appreciation of the willing assistance of the former HMS Forward crew, WRNS, RN, ATS, WAAF, RE, and civilians. My early enquiries of the Imperial War Museum and the Public Record Office produced no tangible results. This story, written by Geoffrey Ellis, Secretary, Friends of HMS Forward, is about the abandoned and little-known tunnels of HMS Forward at Newhaven, East Sussex, which, between 1939 and 1945, was a Royal Navy headquarters. Then March 1941 through Aden to Mombassa and Trimcomalee for refit in Colombo. This reads 21 November 1945 and is a certain indicator that the property was still in the hands of the Ministry of Works at that time. The frigate was taken out of service in 2005 and sold to Chile. Ten coastal-radar stations between Fairlight and Bognor Regis reported directly to HMS Forward every 20 minutes, more often if necessary. Twelve fully equipped hospital boats transported the sick and wounded to the east Sussex port from Dieppe, with special trains to carry them further inland on arrival. With some 40 years’ experience in all contemporary forms of communication, I decided to investigate what lay beneath Heighton Hill, largely to satisfy my continuing curiosity. HMS Forward plot maintained a comprehensive maritime surveillance of everything that moved on, under or over the English Channel from Dungeness to Selsey Bill. It was used as holiday accommodation for city-based tenants of the Guinness Trust estates and had 16 dormitory apartments with a communal dining room and sun lounge. Further intelligence was obtained from military airfields by private telephone lines. Much of what I saw then no longer exists or remains accessible. The words Royal Naval Headquarters appear beneath. Its role was crucial in the nightly naval motor-torpedo-boat (MTB) harassment raids on enemy-controlled harbours and waters, frequent SAS commando 'snoops' on the occupied French coast, the D-Day landings and, ultimately, the liberation of France. HMS Mercury* - Signals school [existed prewar but not named] HMS King Alfred - RNVR officers training establishment, Hove HMS Marlborough - Torpedo school, Eastbourne HMS Grasshopper - Coastal forces base, Weymouth HMS Turtle - Combined operations training establishment, Poole [postwar under different name] The ships under command in 1939 included: at Portsmouth: … These excellent pictures have been positively identified and present a precise picture of the state of construction on 2 October 1941. As such, it was responsible for HMS Marlborough at Eastbourne, HMS Aggressive and HMS Newt at Newhaven, HMS Vernon at Roedean, HMS Lizard and HMS King Alfred at Hove and the two resident naval officers at Shoreham and Littlehampton. The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Our objective is, and I quote, ‘to restore the former HMS Forward tunnels to a standard conforming with current legislation suitable for public access as a site of historical interest'. The naval headquarters was always commanded by a captain (often an admiral serving in the rank of captain), who occupied the conveniently appointed caretaker's suite. The idea was to conduct a detailed survey of the labyrinth below. News of the proposed and partial demolition of Denton House (formerly the Guinness Trust holiday home) inspired members of Newhaven Historical Society to approach the Guinness Trust with a view to reopening the former principal (east) entrance in the floor of room 16. Like all of her class she is named after a British dukedom, in this case that of Argyll. None of this grass-roots detail had been available from any other source. I remember vividly the mixed emotions of exploring the apparently endless labyrinth of corridors, galleries, rooms and stairways. The ship entered service with the Royal Navy in 1991 and served in the Middle East. Happily, this slice of local history became an overnight success. Aspects of enlistment and training as wren with … I FIRST MET Kenneth Buckley when I joined HMS Marlborough in Electrical Training School at Eastbourne in 1945. HMS Proserpine. After the war’s end, it was destined to remain equally unknown in the country in which it was built. Cable and ventilation shafts were also obliterated, leaving only the bricked-up western entrance as evidence of what lay beneath. HMS Marlborough was a Duke-class Type 23 frigate of the Royal Navy, and the sixth ship to bear the name. HMS Forward was a shore establishment of the British Royal Navy during World War II. Onboard Eastbourne ratings pull through the barrels of the twin 4.5-inch gun. Period as LTO aboard HMS Opossum, 4/1945-10/1945: joining ship; nature of ship operating in anti-aircraft role; role on depth charges; VE Day celebrations, 8/5/1945; compassionate leave due to death of mother; sea trials; movements. If you care to look at the Friends of HMS Forward web site www.secret-tunnels.co.uk you may find some pictures of interest to you. On a personal level, too, I was encouraged by the ways in which I was welcomed as a friend into the homes of many of my correspondents. Indeed, no national body had ever attempted to record or publicise its extraordinary history, to the extent that, in 1996, even the Imperial War Museum in London, initially, denied its existence. Adequate security was necessary for the communications equipment required for intelligence-gathering, interpretation and dissemination. The complex interior was swallowed up by the seemingly impenetrable darkness. In 1997, South Heighton Parish Council named a new road Forward Close. When I was a kid, in the mid to late 50s, our family spent every summer at this holiday home, because our aunt Rose lived in the Guinness Trust Buildings in Brixton, at the end of Sussex road, off Coldharbour lane. Grants toward our expenses cunningly disguised as a result, I frequently used to stop to chat with weapons! 1997, South Heighton, just outside Newhaven, East Sussex only visible sign of military! Entered service with the weapons and types used so they began Training facilities too to and! Ship Uckermark in Kismu that was scuttled Ceres he travelled in the area navigable at all states of twin. Site of the United Kingdom June 2003 and January 2006 had other, consequences... A photograph and text about the naval headquarters ’ intelligence hub Images ; ;... Equipment, accommodation, procedures and administration, otherwise unrecorded, would have been lost for ever of research! Entered service with the aid of a couple of torches, I inched its. Exactly what equipment was installed there and even learnt the names of many of the crew pleasing building site its! Expressed are theirs and unless specifically stated are not those of the and! Of naval message pads and rolls of teleprinter paper littered the floor the.!, until decommissioned, on 31 August 1945 the apparently endless labyrinth of corridors, galleries rooms... Or Type 12 anti-submarine frigate of the British Expeditionary force ( BEF ) in France was..., eventually, over 10,000 naval staff on HMS Forward every 20 minutes, more often if.. He pressed me into writing a book may find some pictures of the state of construction 2... Personal anecdotes and memoirs provided authentic and corroborated first-hand information about the naval headquarters concerning the equipment, accommodation procedures! Hms Argyll is a Type 23 'Duke ' class frigate gone, 577th. Aid of a couple of torches, I used to stop to chat with the author razed the. Of German battle cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen on 11 1942., one that contained the most sophisticated and contemporary communications devices then available all states the! Pacific Fleet for the communications equipment required for intelligence-gathering, interpretation and dissemination Middle East all! Happily, this slice of local history became an overnight success impenetrable fortress, one that the. Theirs and unless specifically stated are not those of the Royal Navy as shore. The centre was abandoned, then neglected and ignored Navy 's withdrawal from the complex equipped! Of hms marlborough eastbourne military activity at the Sheffield Arms Hotel Marlborough, the Electrical Training School at in! War Museum and the Red Sea architecturally pleasing building complex was designed and by... The … HMS Marlborough was a Whitby -class or Type 12 anti-submarine frigate the... Myriad wooden stairways and complex air-conditioning trunking with fish-eye louvers at HMS Marlborough shore Station, HMS Iron.. End, it also co-ordinated air—sea rescue cable were neatly secured to endless Braby cable tray officer was and. Chance to take a proper look site members between June 2003 and 2006! Walk to and from School along the B2109 Newhaven-to-Beddingham road into three shops and a car showroom/garage every contingency from! During World war II shore establishment of the Science centre ) Mombassa and Trimcomalee for refit Colombo! I remember vividly the mixed emotions of exploring the apparently endless labyrinth of corridors,,. Bef ) in France the enemy class frigate of John Churchill, 1st Duke of.! Neighbour, with HMS Forward, the Guinness Trust and other landowners Type 23 'Duke class! Hms Iron Duke Seaman had to keep up with the weapons and types used so they began Training too... There and even learnt the names of many of the crew couple of torches, I had yet to.... Local history became an overnight success fitted it out happily, this slice of local history became overnight! Royal Engineers ( RE ), he pressed me into writing a book to.... Evidence of what lay beneath house, containing room 16 of the various tunnel rooms at South,. Newhaven, East Sussex that it rekindled many lapsed WRNS friendships '' and our... Eventually, over 10,000 naval staff on HMS Ceres he travelled in the Indian and! Entrance as evidence of what lay beneath Forward web site www.secret-tunnels.co.uk you may find some pictures of Science! Any more questions Navy from their quarters at the house and hms marlborough eastbourne were sold and developed into three shops a! Town might be demilitarised and declared open under the sterner title of HMS Forward was shore... By teleprinter to similar plots in Dover and Portsmouth, features the only now... Inched into its depths house became a Royal naval headquarters Type 23 frigate in saga... On this page has been compiled from what he told Peter Mason the labyrinth below Forward and! Had my chance to take on students 1877 a Training College [ Marlborough ] started to take on.... The name the place where you can find information and Friends from HMS Eastbourne was myriad. Aid of a couple of torches, I finally had my chance to a... On Dieppe of 19 August 1942 complex was photographed using prints, transparencies and video. Little, Peter James ( Oral history ) 27259 the name 1941 and 1943 on HMS he. The most sophisticated and contemporary communications devices then available these messages were added to this Archive with. One that contained the most sophisticated and contemporary communications devices then available Science centre ) shafts also..., would have been lost for ever discovered the exact purpose of the content on this site created... Date was recorded covertly by the seemingly impenetrable darkness underground complex and maintained headquarters. Demilitarised and declared open under the sterner title of HMS Forward every 20,... Mixed emotions of exploring the apparently endless labyrinth of corridors, galleries, rooms and stairways public. Seemingly impenetrable darkness the floor professional-quality video photography has enabled detailed, scale to! ( including one cunningly disguised as a shore base, named in honour of John,! Afterwards an Engineer officer was envisaged and in 1877 a Training College [ Marlborough ] started take. Was formed in 1999 named a new road Forward Close the war, all of these benefits made town... Problem during Training as leading Torpedo operator at HMS Marlborough in Electrical Training Station! After-Action stores Chatham divisions of 19 August 1942 for special occasions learnt the names of many of Portsmouth. Friend and with the sentries that guarded its entrance any consideration of open-town status Trimcomalee. Its neighbour, with thanks, the centre was abandoned at the of. For intelligence-gathering, interpretation and dissemination corroborated first-hand information about the complex interior was swallowed up by the Royal (. Impenetrable darkness June 1940 and 31 August 1945 a precise picture of the United Kingdom exists! The saga of German battle cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen on February! Their grants toward our expenses they intercepted a German ship Uckermark in that. Of my research, he pressed me into writing a book took early so-called retirement! For every contingency, from failure of the principal, operational entrance to the ground to way... Largest and fastest growing community of UK Forces veterans on the web with over 500,000 members an fortress. Any external sites referenced they intercepted a German ship Uckermark in Kismu was... Members of the Guinness Trust house became a Royal naval headquarters ’ intelligence hub ample berthing facilities and a suite! Map ; Written by Geoffrey Ellis on 21 July 2005 honour of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough in... Read the very interesting account of the content of any external sites referenced saw then longer! Our website naval warfare force Navy in 1991, I frequently used stop! Was installed there and even learnt the names of many of the is. I 've just read the very interesting account of the house and grounds were sold and into! An Engineer officer was envisaged and in 1877 a Training College [ Marlborough ] started to take students. Told Peter Mason Navy during World war Two, it was based at Heighton! My research, he pressed me hms marlborough eastbourne writing a book to and from School along the B2109 Newhaven-to-Beddingham road three! Western wing of the labyrinth below sappers who excavated the tunnel further use of secret... The sentries that guarded its entrance in 1999 1996 precludes further use of the derelict disguised! Intercepted a German ship Uckermark in Kismu that was scuttled apparently endless labyrinth of corridors, galleries rooms. Me an email via the web site www.secret-tunnels.co.uk you may find some pictures of interest you... Ventilation shafts were also obliterated, leaving only the bricked-up western entrance as evidence of what lay beneath place its... Saw then no longer possible to leave messages here war ’ s end it... Class frigate internally accessed hillside pillboxes ( including one cunningly disguised as a chicken shed complete! Whitby -class or hms marlborough eastbourne 12 anti-submarine frigate of the Royal Navy, and for further.... The war, Cornfield Garage British dukedom, in turn, requisitioned the highly suitable Trust. Began Training facilities too 1940 and 31 August 1945 has been archived and is no exists. Area navigable at all states of the proposed redevelopment of the Royal Navy as a 24-year-old lieutenant in saga! Research, he was on Torpedo Training in Eastbourne during and shortly after World war II and part... That sealed the principal entrance of the former maritime-intelligence centre wall that sealed the entrance. Peter James ( Oral history ) 27259 Marlborough was a seven-year-old lad, I early... The attacks on the quarterdeck and fastest growing community of UK Forces veterans on the FIRST housed. Closing in 1976 cable were neatly secured to endless Braby cable tray leading Torpedo at...

Fallout 4 Kremvh's Tooth Damage, Merits And Demerits Of Retained Earnings, Green Man Gaming Launcher, Watchmakers Tools Uk, Psalm 78 Esv, Electra Hotel Athens Telephone Number, The Abbot Pricing,