Getting Started. They occur in mid-March to mid-April depending on location. Some varieties can produce up to 80 pounds (37 kilos) of bright red berries in a season, which ripen in fall and give the plant its common name, autumn-olive. Leaves range from 5 to 10 cm (2-4 in) in length. It is so easy to find, easy to identify and easy to harvest in quantity. Autumn olive ( Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.) The small, light yellow flowers are borne along twigs after the leaves have appeared early in the growing season. Autumn olive ( Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.) Automn olive leaves are a dark green with a silvery underside.
The upper surface of the leaves is dark green to grayish-green in color, while the lower surface is covered with silvery white scales. It’s native to Asia including the Himalayan region, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, northern China and Japan and was initially introduced into North America as an ornamental plant sometime around 1830. Facts About. Autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata Autumn olive is native to Asia and was introduced into the US in the 1830s. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellate, member of the Oleaster family) follows this pattern. is a large deciduous shrub capable of forming dense thickets in West Virginia pastures.It was introduced to North America in the 1800s and is native to eastern Asia. Its leaves are alternate, oval to lanceolate, untoothed and grow to 1-3 inches in length. Elaeagnus umbellata, Autumn Olive, notice the lighter leaf underside (Photo By: KENPEI / Wikimedia Commons) There are 2 key ID features to look for. Description: Perennial, deciduous shrub, up to 10-15' tall and wide, usually very branched, with silvery and/or brown scales along twigs.Some plants bear 1"+ woody spines. The upper surface of the leaves is dark green to grayish-green in color, while the lower surface is covered with silvery white scales. Autumn olive (top left): Leaves are elliptical to egg-shaped; 2 to 4 inches long and ½ to 1¼ inches wide; dark green to grayish green on upper surface with dense, silvery scales on the underside. Autumn Olive drupes, the stems being still attached is a sign of not being quite ripe, even though the fruit is red.
It was commonly planted for wildlife food and cover until its invasive traits became apparent. Autumn olive leafs out early and drops its leaves late, providing a long foliar application window. Autumn Olive Identification. Leaves. The second is that the leaves and fruit are covered in … Autumn Olive Identification. Product names reflect the current Pennsylvania state herbicide contract; additional brands with the same active ingredients are available. Leaves: Simple, alternate, tapered at both ends (distal end may be blunt-tapered), 1-3" long, leaf edges entire but crinkly/wavy. ), XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century (Acta Horticulturae No.
Basal bark and stump treatments can be made anytime the weather permits. Autumn olive is a medium to large deciduous shrub. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop In: J. Maas (Ed.
626, pp. Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Horticultural Science. Photo, Mark Renz, University of Wisconsin. Autumn olive’s leaves are alternate and oval, with finely pointed tips. To me, they taste a bit like a Redcurrent.