At their urging, Kolchak returned to Russia after the October Revolution to lead the struggle against the Bolsheviks. In 1918, Kolchak travelled to Tsaritsyn, a city on the Volga river in southern Russia. Reluctantly, Kolchak accepted the British suggestions and with a heavy sense of foreboding, he returned to Russia. Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1907-1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1917, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1918-1924, Russian Revolution memory quiz – revolutionaries, Russian Revolution memory quiz – tsarists, Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (I), Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (II), Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1906 to 1913, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1914 to 1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events to 1905. Kolchak was an admiral in Russia’s navy and had been a follower of Alexander Kerensky and his Provisional Government that governed before the Bolshevik takeover. For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. The Allied intervention in north Russia was partly intended to link up with Kolchak, but his regime was corrupt and unpopular and he lost the support of his most formidable force of 40,000 former Czech and Slovak prisoners of war and deserters, known as ‘the Czechoslovak Legion’. Peace is descending on Western Europe but in Russia the civil war between the Bolsheviks and their opponents continues. Kolchak led the White Army movement that attempted to regain control of Russia from the Bolshevik Red Army during the Russian Civil War of 1917 – 1923. Alexander Kolchak was born on 16 November 1874 in Saint Petersburg … Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak KB (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к; 16 November [O.S. He became an important White army commander during the Russian Civil War, declaring himself supreme commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918.Kolchak was unable to unite the disparate White forces, however, due to his brutal methods and unwillingness to tolerate other political groups. He … Kolchak would establish an authoritarian military dictatorship composed of military officers of the Russian White Army as well as conservative monarchist politicians of the former Russian Empire. Alexander Vasilyevich was born on November 16, 1874 in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of hereditary noblemen. On his arrival, Kolchak became a member of cabinet in the counter-revolutionary government based in Omsk. Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak, (born Nov. 4 [Nov. 16, New Style], 1874, St. Petersburg, Russia—died Feb. 7, 1920, Irkutsk, Siberia), Arctic explorer and naval officer, who was recognized in 1919–20 by the “Whites” as supreme ruler of Russia; after his overthrow he was put to death by the Bolsheviks.. At the outbreak of World War I, Kolchak was flag captain of the Baltic fleet. This Russian Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in Russia between 1891 and 1927. He was educated at St Petersburg’s Lyceum before joining the navy’s cadet corps, intent on becoming a career officer like his father. Within a fortnight, Kolchak had been sentenced to death. Kolchak was captured by the Bolsheviks and executed. ... Admiral Alexander Kolchak, with this power. Alexander Kolchak was born on 16 Nov 1874 in the village of Alexandrovskoye in the suburbs of St. Petersburg in the famil… Belligerents White Movement Bolsheviks United Kingdom United States German Empire Commanders and leaders Alexander Kolchak Alexander Kerensky Anton Denikin Edmund Ironside William S. Graves Vladimir Lenin Leon Trotsky Joseph Stalin Strength 1,024,000 1,400,900 (peak) The Russian Civil War (Russian: Гражданская война в России, tr. Those military figures in this government forcibly removed the Socialist Revolutionaries and took full control of the White government in Omsk. Aleksandr Vasil'evich Kolchak was a Russian admiral and political figure. Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Steve Thompson Posts about Alexander Kolchak written by ianmoore3000. Kolchak began the war as the commander of the Russian Imperial Black Sea Fleet. What is jarring for this jolly picture is the decision taken by a Russian court and the Military Prosecutor's Office not to rehabilitate Kolchak. Initially he was successful at a military level, taking the city of Perm and advancing to the Volga. As their Supreme Ruler, Kolchak led the Whites in a fight to end Bolshevism, and free Russia and its people. Alexander Kolchak, the son of a major-general of the Marine Artillery, was born in St Petersburg in 1873. Publisher: Alpha History Kolchak, being the principal leader of the Russian White Army during the civil war, quickly became the nation's first president in 1922. In particular, he managed to anger the Czechoslovak Legion who controlled the Trans-Siberian Railway. After organizing an army in the Far East and Siberia, had began preparing them for an offensive into European Russia, where the main part of the war was playing out. Alexander Kolchak was one of the White leaders during the civil war that followed the November 1917 Revolution. He was captured during the battle for Port Arthur and released by the Japanese in 1905. Citation information After the outbreak of war initially on the flagship Pogranichnik, Kolchak oversaw the laying of extensive coastal defensive minefields and commanded the naval forces in the Gulf of Riga. 4 November] 1874 – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy and fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. URL: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/alexander-kolchak/ [January 8th, 1920] In the Russian Civil War Admiral Alexander Kolchak, nominally the leader of the Whites (since Nov. 1918), is defeated at Krasnoyarsk and withdraws across Siberia to Irkutsk, where his Czech allies hand him over to the Bolsheviks. Kolchak was greatly admired by the British and French, who viewed him as the Russian most capable of uniting the disjointed White armies. Alexander Kolchak. In 1900, he participated in two expeditions to the Arctic Circle. The lack of an effective leader and diplomat in the trying times of the Russian Civil War was a major contributing factor in the defeat of his forces but was not the only reason for the failure of the White forces. Admiral (Адмиралъ) is a 2008 film by Andrei Kravchuk.It is a Biopic of Admiral Alexander Kolchak, Imperial Russian admiral and later a White commander in the Russian Civil War.. Admiral Essenwas not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the ap… In documents submitted to the Militar… For more information, visit our FAQ page or Terms of Use. Alexander Kolchak : biography 16 November 1874 – 7 February 1920 Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak ( 4 November (16 November) 1874 – 7 February 1920) was a polar explorer and commander in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) served as an admiral in the Imperial Navy. 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